Market Link Guide - Finland
CSD link as defined under CSDRa
Type of link
a. CSD Regulation (EU) No 909/2014 Article 2(29).
Euroclear Finland (EFI)
Citibank Europe PLC
Country of incorporation
Custodial nominee account
Mirror omnibus account
Legal account name / holder
Clearstream Banking SA
Clearstream Banking SA
Settlement in T2S
|Settlement free of payment||Yes|
|Settlement against payment||Yes|
Eligible settlement currency: Euro (EUR).
|Settlement against payment in central bank money|
CBL holds a cash account at the account operator. Against payment settlement in EUR takes place on the Citibank Europe PLC Dedicated Cash Account (DCA).
Hold and Release
Limited only to receipt instructions.
|Settlement penalty fees|
Immediate release flag.
Registration takes place automatically upon settlement.
|Multi Market Securities|
|Lending and borrowing|
|Liquidity Hub Connect|
|Sale and purchase of rights|
Securities that are beneficially owned by Finnish nationals or Finnish tax residents cannot be held in CBL.
|Link eligible for use in Eurosystem credit operations|
|Moment of entry of instructions||The moment of successful validation in T2S.|
|Irrevocability of instructions||The moment when the instruction receives “matched” status in T2S.|
|Finality of instructions|
The moment when the instruction receives “settled” status in T2S.
The below section is based on the legal opinion obtained by CBL that was issued on 24 November 2022. The information is provided for guidance only and should not be considered in isolation or as constituting a complete or definitive legal advice on any specific matter.
No insolvency proceedings against the account operator or the CSD
Liability for negligence
Book-entry regime within rem rights
No entitlement of the account operator/CSD
Recognition as direct CSD account holder
Recognition of nominee concept
No right of retention to the account operator/CSD
Segregation of assets at the CSD
No right of use
Under Finnish law, the CSD holds a statutory right of pledge to book-entry securities registered in a commission as security for the settlement obligations, that the settlement system has assumed in accordance with the rules of the settlement system.
No upper-tier attachments
Insolvency with no impact on CBL's rights
Local law does not contain explicit provisions for the means of recovery of securities held in the book-entry system maintained by the CSD if the CSD would be subject to insolvency proceedings.
Shortfall pro-rated among holders
|Record keeping period of at least 10 years|
Settlement finality in case of insolvency